Kilimanjaro is far and away the highest and most famous volcano in Africa, a splendid solitary snowcapped giant rising above the plains near the border ofand Kenya. The huge mountain massif, about 50 miles (80 km) long and 25 miles (40 km) wide, is made up of three overlapping volcanoes.
The oldest and least prominent is Shira at the northwest end, followed by the eroded rocky spires of Mawenzi at the southeast end, and dominated in the center by Kibo, a youthful cone topped by a broad 2 mile (3 km) wide caldera with a deep
The glaciers on Kibo have lost nearly half their area in the past century, now extending down only to about 16000 ft (4900 m), and those on Mawenzi have disappeared entirely, reduced to a few icy patches in the steep gullies. Kibo is an extremely popular and
The glaciers on Kibo have been skied many times, since at least the early 1990′s and probably much earlier, although these routes often end at hazardous vertical icecliffs at the glacier termini, and descents over 2000 vertical feet (600 m) may still be possible following a deep snowfall. Note that skiing (and all other
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